Do you like speed? I know the answer to most people will be yes because this is the time where everyone likes to be fast. Today’s our article is also connected to speed, but this speed is more than your thinking because today we are not talking about anything like a supercar or superbike but we are talking about the world’s most powerful Fighter Jet, The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor, which is also one of the fastest Jet. The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor was developed and produced by two big companies Lockheed Martin and Boeing for the USAF (the United States Air Force). Compared to all fighter jets available in the world at present, F-22 Raptor is the most advanced, powerful and most capable.
This fifth-generation fighter jet was developed primarily for air superiority, but equipped with modern technology, this jet specializes in many other types of operations, including ground attack, electronic warfare and signal intelligence. Introduced in 2005, there are many other things about the F-22 Raptor fighter jet that you will be stunned to know. So let’s see some of the most amazing facts about F-22 Raptors that you should know…
Amazing Facts About Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor
The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor Program
F-22 Raptor is developed under the Advanced Tactical Fighter program which is an official program of the United States Air Force. The Advanced Tactical Fighter program was identified in 1981 under which, on 31 Oct. 1986 two companies Lockheed and Northrop were selected to develop new jets for USAF. Where Lockheed teamed with Boeing and General Dynamics while Northrop made its team with McDonnell Douglas and then they started the development process. 23 April 1991, Donald Rice (Secretary of the USAF) announced the YF-22 (Lockheed and Boeing) as the winner of the ATF competition while YF-23(Northrop and McDonnell Douglas) design was considered stealthier and faster. The F-22’s total program cost was US$67.3 billion (as of 2010). The cost of one F -22 raptor aircraft is an estimated $334 million including research and development cost. The production of this fighter jet lasted from 1996 to 2011, although the F-22 raptor is still providing service for USAF.
Design Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor
As I mentioned above, the F-22 Raptor is the most advanced fighter jet, F-22 Raptor is the first operational aircraft that combine sensor fusion, supercruise, supermaneuverability, and stealth in a single weapons platform. It has four empennages (Jet tail) surface, Which provides more stability to it. This single-seater aircraft designed with a tricycle fashioned retractable landing gear and clipped delta(triangle-shaped) wings with reverse trailing edge sweep and leading-edge extensions running to the upper outboard corner of the inlets. F-22 raptor developed with a twin-engine Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100 which is an afterburning turbofan engine specially made for F-22 raptor by Pratt & Whitney. This fighter jet is one of the few jets that can maintain supercruise or supersonic flight without using fuel-efficient afterburners.
The structure of F-22 raptor 2 built with a significant amount of high-strength materials so that it can face withstanding stress and heat of sustained supersonic flight. In the composition of titanium alloys, respectively, 39% and 24% of structural weight are included. The Cockpit of F-22 raptor is made of strong glass, in which all-digital flight equipment and devices have been set up well. In the middle there is a monochrome display, which is called the head-up display, on this display, you can see the entire view of the field and all other necessary information without moving your head from the viewpoint.
The dimensions of the canopy of F-22 raptor is approximately 355 cm × 115 cm × 69 cm with 360-pound weight and it lasted an average of 800 hours. The only seat available in this jet is based on the Advanced Concept Ejection Seat, which is usually used in all Jets of USAF, along with a center-mounted ejection control. Like all the other aircraft, It has also a life support system in which the on-board oxygen generation system (OBOGS), protective pilot garments, and a breathing regulator/anti-g (BRAG) valve includes for controlling flow and pressure to the mask of the pilot and as well as the garments.
The F-22 Raptor is the most dangerous fighter jet in the world and that’s because of its weapons. In F-22 raptor, there are three different internal weapons bays, first and the large bay available bottom of the fuselage and two other bays are available on the left and right sides of the fuselage. The main bay is divided with the center line and can carry six LAU-142 / A launchers for off-scene-range missiles, and each side is LAU-141 / A Launcher for low-range missiles in the Bay. In the large bay, four launchers can be replaced with placing 2 large bomb racks, in which one 1,000 lb (450 kg) or four 250 lb (110 kg) bombs can be filled in each rack. F-22 JDAM can carry air-to-surface weapons like bombs with guidance and small diameter bombs, but it can not self-designate for laser-guided weapons. With these kinds of weapons abilities,, F-22 raptor is always ready for war, even if the battle is Sky or the ground attack does not matter.
Although F 22 raptor is not the fastest jet but it is one of the fastest fighter jets with a speed of 2.25 Mach. It can It climbs at a rate of 62,000 feet per minute. But there are so many factors that can affect this such as outside air temperature, Airflow, fuel level, weapons count. There is always a debate over the top speed of the F-22 raptor because absolutely no correct result has been found, but most of the Expert has shown agree on the speed above which I have stated.
When a fighter jet is equipped with the most advanced technology and providing you so many facilities, it will not be difficult to guess that it will be quite expensive too. The F-22 Raptor is one of the most expensive fighter jets in world history, After accumulating all additional expenses, if the calculation is made, then the F-22 raptor aircraft costs around $ 334 million per aircraft with a cost of approximately $150 per each additional unit. Although it is a very influential aircraft, but being so expensive, it has always been in disputes. F-22 Raptor, which provides its services only to USAF, has been the subject of discussion several times in the US security meetings. Disputes arising in the purchase and non-purchase of this aircraft was ended in 2011 when the US government decided to stop production of it. However, the aircraft is still employed in the service of the USAF.
Cost Per Hour
Not only to buy but to use the F-22 raptor is also quite expensive. The US government has to pay approximately $ 44,259 to use this aircraft for just one hour, but these figures were in accordance with the old data when the new figures came in, they were with more surprising because according to them the F -22 raptor per hour cost is $ 49,808. Although there are only a few such occasions came yet, and will come in the future, when this aircraft is needed, but whenever it will be used, the US government will have to pay a good price.
Range And Kill Ration
One of the characteristics of this aircraft is its Range, the range of F-22 raptor is 1,600 nmi, that is 1,841 mi (2,963 km) with 2 external fuel tanks. And the ferry range of this aircraft is 1,740 nmi, which is 2,000 mi (3,220 km), which is more than most of the top jets in many countries. Now let’s come to the kill ratio, The kill ratio of F-22 makes it better and more effective than other fighter jets like F-15 and F-5. The kill ratio of the F-22 raptor is 108:0, which is far better than most of the aircraft. And this is why this aircraft is considered to be one of the biggest powers of the US government.
Here I used weight word for two different things, first, how much is the weight of this aircraft and second, how much the maximum takeoff weight of this aircraft, so first let’s know how much weight of this aircraft is. The empty weight of the F-22 raptor is 43,340 lb which is around 19,659 kg, and the gross weight of the F-22 raptor is 64,840 lb which is around 29,411 kg. Now come to the maximum takeoff weight, so the maximum takeoff weight is something that the pilot is allowed to attempt to take off because of the structure of the aircraft. The maximum takeoff weight of the F-22 raptor is 83,500 lb which is around 37,875 kg.
Fuel capacity is a point that can prove any fighter jet more powerful and weak than others, and F-22 raptor is much better than many other jets in relation to fuel capacities. An internal and two external fuel tanks are available in this aircraft, in which the capacitance of internal fuel tank is 18,000 lb or approximately 8,200 kg, and the combined capacity of both the external fuel tanks is 26,000 lb is approximately 12,000 kg, and that makes this aircraft quite durable compared to other fighter jets.
However, this fighter jet has so many great features, but one feature that makes this aircraft a dangerous weapon is its stealth technology which makes it very difficult to find this jet on the radar. Although earlier many people claimed that the F-22 raptor does not appear on the radar, it is invisible on the radar, but it is not true, due to the wings of this aircraft it appears on the radar but very small In size, which becomes difficult to recognize at some times. This feature can prove to be very helpful in the war because at that time many fighter jets pilot will not be able to recognize such a small movement on the radar.
Average Life Span
As I mentioned above, due to being quite expensive, the production of F-22 raptor was discontinued in 2011, but the aircraft is still in service and it will still be working for the USAF for many years and the reason for this is its age. The average life of this aircraft is approximately 30 years, and it was made according to this. And in these 30 years of its average life, this aircraft can fly at least 8000 flights, which makes it more useful for USAF.
First Flight Of F-22 Raptor
The F-22 Raptor, built under the 15-year plan, had to wait a lot for its first flight, this f-22 raptor, introduced in front of the world on December 15, 2005, had its first official flight on 7 September 1997 and That proved to be a successful flight. After the first flight was successful in 1997, this aircraft had to wait a lot for its first combat flight. F-22 raptor found its first combat mission in 2014 when it was included in Syria to target terrorists in an operation against ISIS.
In the F-22 raptor, the major avionics are BAE Systems EINDAN / ALR-94 Electronic Warfare System, Lockheed Martin AN / AAR-56 Infrared and Ultraviolet Missile Launch Detector (MLD) and Northrop Grumman AN / APG-77 were actively electronically scanned in avionics Array (AESA) radar included. In all the technically complex instruments of the aircraft, the ALR-94 system is the most advanced, which is an inactive radar detector, which works with more than 30 antennas, and for all-round radar warning receiver (RWR) coverage it mixed into the wings and fuselage. APG-77 radar is another integral part, it has a low-observable, active-aperture, electronically scanned array that is able to track multiple targets under any kind of weather conditions.
So these are some points that can help you to know about the world’s most powerful fighter jet F-22 raptor. Hopefully, this information about F-22 raptor will prove useful to you. If you have any kind of confusion in the information given by us or if there is any question in your mind then you can ask us in the comments section.
how to fix error message “This device can’t use a Trusted Platform Module”
“This device can’t use a Trusted Platform Module”, Many of you must have got this error message before. A few days ago I also encountered this error and for a while, I was also shocked that what it is? But then when I went into its depth, I found that this is a common error and like many other errors it can be easily removed. You just need to know what is the correct procedure.
As I said I faced this issue a few days ago, it happened while I was enabling BitLocker in one of my old Windows 10 PC, then suddenly I got an error message “This device can’t use a Trusted Platform Module”. At that time I was completely unaware of this error, and that’s why I tried to know it, and finally, I was able to find a solution. So let’s know what it is, but before going to the procedure first you need to know that what is TPM “Trusted Platform Module”?
What is Trusted Platform Module (TPM)
Trusted Platform Module (TPM), this heavy term is used for a special type of chip that attaches to new processors and comes with some additional security features. In the Windows system, Bitlocker uses Trusted Platform Module TPM, it stores the encryption key on the chip. After that, the second thing that TPM performs authenticate is your encrypted computer and give you access to all the encrypted data when the device trying to access it is identified as trusted. TPM chip is useful but It is not that if you do not have a chip that supports TPM, you will not be able to use BitLocker, you can use BitLocker even in that case, but then you need to store the encryption key on a USB stick.
Steps to Fix The Error “This device can’t use a Trusted Platform Module”
All we have to do is to make some necessary tampering with the group policy settings, which will allow us to enable BitLocker without TPM chip. Nothing you will find tough in this process, you can do it simply, by just following the steps I shared below.
- Turn on your Windows PC and press the Windows Key + R to open the “Run” dialog box or you can also open “Run” by clicking on the Start button in Windows 10 and typing in Run.
- In the Run dialog box, type “gpedit.msc” and press Enter to open the group policy editor settings.
- After opening the group policy editor, click on the Computer Configuration section from the left-hand panel and then open the following sections step by step
Administrative Templates -> Windows Components -> BitLocker Drive Encryption -> Operating System Drives
- Now after opening all the sections one by one in the end, you will get an option called “Require additional authentication at startup” on the right-hand side. Open it by clicking twice on it.
- In “Require additional authentication at startup” settings box, you will find that by default “Not Configured” is selected there, you’ll have to change it on “Enable” by clicking on the Enabled radio button.
- After that check the option which says “Allow BitLocker without a compatible TPM” and press OK, though it should be checked automatically after the step 5 process if not then do it by yourself.
- Now close the group policy editor section and go back to the BitLocker screen and try to enable BitLocker again. I am sure this time you won’t get the error message “This device can’t use a Trusted Platform Module”, and instead of this, you will see the BitLocker setup screen. When you click Next, the installation of BitLocker will be started on your Windows 10 system.
So hopefully, now you know what needs to be done if you get an error message on your PC screen which says “This device can’t use a Trusted Platform Module”. One thing I want to be clear here that, there is no real security loss to using BitLocker without a TPM, it’s just that the encryption key has to be stored on a USB drive instead of being stored on the TPM supported chip. So that’s it, this is the process but still, if there are any questions in your mind regarding this error or enabling BitLocker in your windows system, you can ask us in the comments section.
How To Find Saved WiFi Password in Windows 10
Highlights: In this article, we will talk about how we can find saved wifi password in Windows 10, and also we will see how we can Find passwords for Wi-Fi networks you’ve previously connected on Windows 10…..
It often happens that after setting the wifi password we forget it, then later when we need it, we don’t remember it. Apart from this it also happens very often that our siblings change the password of wifi secretly from us, which makes it difficult for us to find it. Also sometimes we lose the password of our office wifi, for which it is a bit awkward to ask again, so what we can do in such situation, so do not worry when such situations come in front of you, because you can find the password without anyone’s help, and without resetting the password.
In one of our old articles, we had learned how we can find wifi password in windows 7, windows 8, and Windows 8.1. And going beyond that, in our today’s article, we will know how we can find saved wifi password in Windows 10. Also, in this article, we will know how can we find the passwords of our old connected wifi devices. So let’s start with our first topic “How to find saved wifi password in Windows 10″…
How To Find Saved WiFi Password in Windows 10
The question that most of the people ask is, can we get our WiFi Network’s password back? the answer of which is yes. Your window 10 system helps you find your WiFi network password, Because once you connect your WiFi network to your PC, your WiFi password is automatically saved in Windows Systems. And you can get the password whenever you need it. As I mentioned above, you can easily find the WiFi password in windows 10 just you have to follow some easy steps, so to find the password for the network that you’re currently connected to, follow these simple steps…
- Turn on your windows 10 pc, on the computer screen, the bottom of the right side on the taskbar you will find the WiFi icon, right-click on that icon.
- Now you will get two options first “Troubleshoot problems” and second “Open Network and Sharing Center”, where you need to click on the second option “Open Network and Sharing Center”.
- On the Network and Sharing Center page, you will get the WiFi network’s name and details that your pc is currently connected with. Now click on the name of your current WiFi Network’s name.
- Clicking on the WiFi network’s name will take you to the WiFi status summary. At the end of the summary you will get two options, first option “Details” and second option “Wireless Properties”, you need to click on the second option “Wireless Properties”.
- On the Wireless Properties section, you will get two tabs one is “Connection” and the other is “Security”, click on the “Security” tab.
- in the security tab you will find three sections there, first one security type, second encryption type, and the last one is Network security key which means your WiFi Network’s password. you will your WiFi network’s password there hidden behind the *, that you can see by clicking on the Show characters check box.
So that’s how you can find your currently saved WiFi Network’s password on windows 10. Now let’s know, how you can find passwords for Wifi networks you’ve connected to previously on your windows 10 system.
How to Find Passwords for Wi-Fi Networks You’ve Previously Connected On Windows 10
Although it is very rare that you need the password of your old connected wifi network, but there are some circumstances when we need the old password. So in those situations, without facing any problem, you can find the passwords of your old wifi network in your windows 10 system, for which you only have to follow a few simple steps…
- Turn on your Windows 10 pc and press Windows + R, now type CMD to open the command prompt.
- In command prompt type the following command…
netsh wlan show profiles
- After entering the command hit enter, this will show you a list of all the Wi-Fi networks you’ve previously connected, now to get the password of one them, type the following command…
netsh wlan show profile name=profilename key=clear
Remember in this command replace the “profilename” word with the name of the WiFi profile, which profile’s password you want to know.
- After giving that command, you will get all the details about the searched WiFi profile and to get the Wi-Fi password, Look for the “Key Content” line.
So that’s how you can find passwords for WiFi networks you’ve previously connected on Windows 10. Hopefully, now you may have known that what to do when you lost or forgot your wifi network’s password, but still if you face any problem to find wifi password in Windows 10 you can ask us in the comments section.
What is An XML File and How to Open It?
For the last 23 years, XML has been used as a data format through which data can be transported easily between different networks, applications, and organizations. XML is a markup language developed by the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) that fulfills the limitations of HTML. You must also have seen or heard about the XML file occasionally. Often when users first encounter the XML files, they get a little confused as to how to open the XML file? So in today’s our article we are going to talk about the same, today we will know how to open an XML file? But before starting that, let’s take a look at what is XML file…
What is XML File
As I mentioned, XML is a Markup Language developed by the World Wide Web Consortium. HTML as we know is a very popular markup language. HTML is used to display page data. Data is often stored inside HTML pages and it contains more than 100 tags, all these tags are very difficult to remember and use. XML was developed to solve all these problems. XML is used to store and organize data.
It is also important to know that XML is not a replacement for HTML. XML and HTML can be used combined. The combined version of XML and HTML is called X-HTML. XML has played a very important role in making the Internet more simple, comprehensive and useful. XML is commonly used for Data Exchange and XML files are saved with .xml Extension.
How to Open XML Files
There are many ways by which you can open XML files directly, you can open and edit them with any text editor, view them with any web browser, or use a website Which allows you to view, edit, and even convert them to other formats. We divided these ways into four different categories so you can understand and use any one of them easily, so let’s see, what are the four ways with which you can open an XML file?
Open An XML File Using a Text Editor
This is the first and most used way to open an XML file. XML files are encoded in plaintext, that’s why you can open them in any text editor. You can use this method by following these steps…
- Select the XML file you want to open in a text editor then right-click the XML file and select the option”Open With.” Now you will see a list of programs to open the file in.
- From the list, select “Notepad”, in your mac system select “TextEdit”. Both of these are the pre-installed text editors, You can use more advanced code editors like Notepad++ or TextMate as well, which can be useful for syntax highlighting and advanced editing.
- Your last action will open the XML file in the text editor, but as you can see in the image above, it loses most of its formatting and crams the whole thing onto just two lines of the document, and for a much better and explained view advanced tool like Notepad++. Now to find the information you are looking for using the tag labels, usually, the labels will be fairly self-explanatory and allow you to browse through the data and find the accurate information you want.
Note : You might see at the top, which indicates that the following content is in XML format.
Open An XML File Using a Web Browser
The second method in our list to open an XML file is the Web Browser method. Opening an XML file in a browser can be slightly easier than any Text editor and that is because most browsers automatically indent nested tags and allow you to collapse each section of the XML tree. So follow these steps to open an XML file using a web browser…
- Select the XML file you want to open in the web browser then right-click on the XML file and select the option”Open With.” Now you will see a list of programs to open the file in.
- From the list, select any web browser in which you want to open the file. Although most of the time your web browser will already be in the list of suggested programs, if it is not, then you will have to browse for it on your computer and select it from there.
- Now the selected XML file will open in a new tab in the web browser. In the browser, all of the contents will be displayed, and as i said above your browser will automatically indent nested tags. And that makes it easier to understand which data belongs to which set.
So that’s how you can open an XML file using a browser. And another big advantage of using a browser to read XML files is getting the ability to control like you can expand or minimize it by clicking on lick the arrows or +/- buttons next to each section.
Open An XML File Using Excel
People often suggest adopting this method, because Excel shows the data of the XML file as a table, which can be useful for visually processing the information. So to use this method follow these steps…
- Excel will not usually pop up as a suggested program in the list, so it is better to open the excel first, so open the excel and click on the “File” option and then select “Open.”
- Now from the menu browse the XML file you want to open, so find it and then click on the open button.
- After that, you will be asked for “how you would like to open this file?” So select “As an XML table.” Your this action will convert the XML file into an excel file.
- Now you can read your XML file, You will find that your XML file is organized as a table based on the tag structure, and to customize the table from Excel you can also use sorting and filtering tools.
You may have found difficulties rendering complex XML files as tables, if your XML file contains too many nested tags, you can use the XML viewer instead, which would be a better option.
Open An XML File Using XML Viewer
If you are dealing with a lot of XML files, then an XML a viewer, or XML editor will prove to be a better option for you. These viewers and editors can make complex XML files very easy to handle. There are lots of free and paid applications are available and you can choose any one as per your requirement. If you need to view or edit too many XML files, choose a professional XML editor that will allow you to automate and collaborate on large XML projects.
There are a few free online XML editors available such as TutorialsPoint.com, XMLGrid.net, and CodeBeautify.org, all of these XML editors let you view and edit your XML files. So use one of them as per your needs and then open your XML in it and then you can read it or edit it. After you’ve done your editing, you can download the changed XML file, or even you can convert it to a different format.
So these are the four ways to open an XML file, hope you understand all the four ways now let’s see how you can convert an XML file.
How To Convert XML Files
So as I said there are dozens of XML editors which can edit and convert XML files and all of them may have their different processes, so here for giving you a little bit of idea that how you can edit your file here we’ll be using CodeBeautify.org.
- Open your browser and visit CodeBeautify.org, once the website opens you will see several options there so first to view your file click on “XML viewer” from the “Popular Functionality” category.
- On the XML viewer page you will get three sections, first XML input second options bar and third result. So from the options bar select the “Browse” button and then find and select the XML file you want to open. You can also select the “Load URL” button to pull XML from an online source.
- After opening the XML file now you can select an option from option bar that how you want to view your XML file in the result section.
- You can select the “Tree View” button to see your XML file data in a nicely formatted tree structure with all your tags on the left in orange and the attributes to the right of the tags.
- You can choose the “Beautify” option to see the XML file data in neat and easy-to-read lines.
- You can also select the “Minify” button to see your XML file data using the least amount of white space possible. This option will attempt to put every single piece of data on one line. This option will become helpful when you trying to make the file smaller to save some space.
- After getting a brief view and edit your XML file data select the “XML to JSON” button to convert the XML to JSON format. Then use the “Download” button to download any changes you’ve made as a new XML file. You can also use the option “Export to CSV” to save your XML file data as a comma-separated values file.
So that’s how you can open an XML file and convert it. Hopefully, now you know how to open an XML file and edit it and convert it but still if there is any question in mind about how to open an XML file you can ask us in the comments section.